Chemicals are used in mining and processing minerals. While these chemicals can be useful for this purpose, they can at the same time cause fires, explosions, or release of toxic gases. Safe storage of chemicals can help prevent accidents and reduce harm at mine sites. Also, it is important that you buy them from a certified mining ingredients and chemical spplier to ensure quality.
Chemicals used in mining include:
Cyanide, sulfuric acid, and solvents for separating minerals from ore
Ammonium nitrate and fuel oil (“ANFO”) used in blasting tunnels
Heavy metals such as mercury, uranium, and lead
Gasoline, diesel fuel, and exhaust fumes from vehicles and equipment
Acetylene for welding and soldering
Cyanide is used to separate gold from ore. In its pure form, cyanide has no colour and it smells like bitter almonds. It may lose this smell when it combines with other chemicals. It can be used in powder, liquid, or gas forms.
Cyanide is deadly when swallowed. An amount the size of a grain of rice is enough to kill a person. Exposure to low doses over a long time may cause a swelling in the throat, which can also be caused by malnutrition.
Sulfuric acid is a toxic chemical used in copper mining. It is also a byproduct of many kinds of mining, mixing with water and heavy metals to form acid mine drainage. Sulfuric acid smells like rotten eggs. Contact with sulfuric acid can cause burns, blindness, and death.
Chemicals used at mine sites can spill on the skin and clothes, splash in the eyes, or be breathed in as fumes. If someone is hurt, get medical help as soon as possible.